What is the full form of WHO?
The full form of WHO is the World Health Organization. This is the largest organization related to human health in the whole world. Currently, 193 countries are members of WHO, along with India.
Its headquarter is located in Geneva, Switzerland, with 6 regional offices and 150 offices around the world, and about 7000 employees work in the whole organization. The Southern Asia Regional Office of the WHO is located in New Delhi.
History of WHO
WHO was established on 7 April 1948 and since then this day is celebrated as World Health Day. India became a member of the WHO on 12 January 1948.
So this organization was originated in 1945, in a conference of the United Nations there was a discussion about creating an international health organization. Then to form such an organization got recognition from many authorities. The name of this organization was earlier International Health Organization which was later changed to World Health Organization.
WHO’s first meeting was held on 24 July 1948. Andrija Štampar was the first president of the World Health Assembly and G. Brock Chisholm was elected as the first Director-General of WHO.
Operations by WHO
- Its first concern was to stop the spread of malaria, tuberculosis, and sexually transmitted infections.
- WHO worked with the World Chemical Industry in the 1960s to develop new insecticides to fight against river blindness and Schistosomiasis.
- In 1968-78, there was a great success in the field or eradication of smallpox in the world. This topic was worked out by teams of public health workers in the countries affected by smallpox, led by the WHO.
- Through this maasive campaign, vaccination of diseases like diphtheria, tetanus, whooping cough, measles, poliomyelitis, tuberculosis, etc. affecting children was expanded through BCG vaccine.
- In 1978-88, WHO along wiith UNICEF made several efforts to bring malaria and leprosy under control.
- The WHO, in collaboration with Canada, created the Early Warning System in 1997, using the Global Public Health Intelligence Network, to receive information about possible diseases using the Internet.
- The WHO is reponsible for the World Health Report, which is a survey of health-related problems around the world.
- Global standardization of nomenclature for diseases and causes of death.
- Listing essential medicines available in all public facilities instead of thousands of branded products sold in the global market.